Non-profits rely upon fundraising as their primary way to raise capital. Therefore, as the lifeblood of nonprofits, the methods or sources for obtaining funds must be carefully examined to determine which sources have the capability of helping nonprofits provide the necessary services that will accomplish the goals or mission of the organization. Fundraising in the non-profit sector, whether obtained from public or private sources, does not come without issues from the standpoint of public administration. These issues include, but are not limited to taxes, disclosure, legality, accountability and responsiveness to funders. Furthermore, the efficiency and effectiveness of nonprofit organizations have received the attention of many over the past decade (Reinhardt, 2009, p. 283). According to Anhier and Salamon (as cited in Reinhardt, 2009, p. 283), this attention has resulted in broadening the scope of schools of business and public administration to include nonprofit studies programs. Whereas the central issue of this study will focus on the influence of public, particularly government funding entities, versus private funding of nonprofit organizations, a body of research (as cited in Jang and Feoick 2007),” has established that the type of funding on which nonprofits rely influences their governance structures and management practices” (p. 174). In addition, the effect of public versus private funding sources on the possible collaboration of nonprofits with other organizations will be addressed. While there is little evidence concerning the reliance of public funding and the influence it may have on nonprofit collaboration, the significance of this issue to the field of public administration stems from the growing body of research reported by O’Leary (as cited in Jang & Feoick, 2007, p. 174) that supports interorganizational collaboration and a better understanding of government and governance. A better understanding of governance will yield a clearer vision concerning all the processes that coordinate and control a nonprofit organization’s resources and actions including ethics, resource management processes, accountability, and management controls.
Public versus Private Funding: An Opportunity for Nonprofit Organizations 公共与私人融资：非营利组织的机
The ability of nonprofit organizations to serve society’s various groups is made possible through funding from multiple sources such as individual/private donations, fees, private foundations, and government grants and contracts (Jang & Feoick, 2007, p. 176). The process to securing funds can be quite costly in an already competitive arena of fundraising. Therefore, many nonprofit organizations seek the most cost efficient method of securing donors in an effort to maintain resources that allow mission goals to be fulfilled and clients served (Reinhardt, 2009, p. 284). The expectations of stakeholders and claims on nonprofit organizations must be carefully considered for many reasons. For example, Salamon (as cited in Jang & Feiock, 2007, p. 176) has reported that nonprofits that depend primarily on private funds such as client fees and commercial income are in a very different position than those nonprofit organizations that rely heavily on government funding for financial support. Salamon (as cited in Jang & Feiock, 2007, p.176) further explained that “a fun