The debate is incessant: To succeed, what is more important talent or hard work? How people become good in sience, music or sports? Is it the innate or the acquired?
These questions have, for a long time raised intense polemics in psychology. Some insist on the decisive role of practice and work, others argue that talent and intelligence have a much more significant impact on our actions. The first part of this dissertation, will demonstrate that it is the hard work that leads to excellence. The second part, will consist of examples of famous characters and living legends that have reached the heights, through hard work and not just talent. Although it is true that hard work takes precedence over talent, a third part will be devoted to the study of the importance of talent.
Studies suggest that, all things being equal, people with natural talent do better in life than others. They certainly leave with a head start, but what about the hard worker? Studies also suggest that training and effort reduce the gap between talented and less talented individuals. So, talent helps, but hard work makes it possible to measure up to the talented people and even surpass them. This is true, especially since people with raw talent often tend to rest on their laurels. Hard work can not make talent less useful, but talent becomes less useful when it is not perfected by hard work. Intelligence Quotient is a suitable indicator of performance for an unfamiliar task, but once a person does the same job for a few years, the intelligence quotient does not predict much, or even nothing about performance. In fact, what separates the best from the good, is hard work and determination. According to recent studies of the most successful people in the world, including athletes, businessmen, musicians and scientists, the key factor behind their success at all, was not an extraordinary innate skill, as many like to believe it. The common denominator is hard work, a lot of work. In fact, about 10.000 hours of this, which is about three hours every day for ten consecutive years, before one of them could be defined as an “expert” in his field. I you are a sports enthusiast, you are probably amazed by the phenomenal capabilities of the athletes. You are wondering how they can deliver such high performance day after day. These talented athletes do what we, mortals, can only dream of. Where do these extraordinary abilities come from? Is their excellence genetic? What about business excellence? Do successful entrepreneurs have the business gene? We, often feel that everything they touch changes into gold. Or, is it just a question of talent?
Our greatest athletes can help us answer that question. In fact, Wayne Gretzky, nicknamed the Marvel, who has accumulated an incomparable amount of honors and scoring records, has already said that Nature did not give him an exceptional size and speed. Gretzky practiced, every day of his childhood, on the ice to refine his skills. He is acknowledged to have said, that the greatest compliment he could receive was to tell him that he worked hard every day