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留学生课程作业写作范文:Global Production Organisation in Chains

日期:2023年09月08日 编辑: 作者:无忧论文网 点击次数:950
论文价格:免费 论文编号:lw202309081201498155 论文字数:3000 所属栏目:帮写留学生作业
论文地区:其他 论文语种:English 论文用途:硕士预科课程作业 Master Pre Coursework

留学生课程作业写作范文-全球连锁生产组织。本文是一篇留学生课程作业格式范文,主要内容是讲述如今跨国公司试图将全球生产整合到其运营中,以获得竞争优势和更多利润。全球生产网络理论是一种相对较新的理论,源于早期的尝试,如全球价值链和全球商品链,这篇留学生课程作业旨在解释全球生产是如何运作的,并考虑影响全球生产的所有可能参与者。想要追随制造业和商业行为新趋势的公司必须考虑到一系列因素,这些因素塑造并表明了实现利润最大化的全球运营的最佳过程。如果设计得当,全球生产战略可以为跨国公司带来许多优势,也可以带来不可避免的劣势。本篇留学生课程作业提出竞争动力和资本主义动力是全球生产的主要力量,如今资本的流动只会增加这些网络建立和形成的难度。在一家公司决定要遵循的全球生产的确切形式之前,必须考虑到地区优势和特点。跨网络的沟通和组织内的采购政策是网络平稳运行的一个重要领域,企业也意识到这一点,专门为此目的成立了专门的部门。全球生产网络的分支可以追溯到全球各地,无论是发达经济体还是发展中经济体,对日常生活和商业行为的影响比人们认为的要大。下面就让我们一起来看一下这篇留学生课程作业写作范文的具体内容。

留学生课程作业写作

How and why is global production organized in chains or networks and what are the implications of this?全球生产是如何以及为什么以连锁或网络的形式组织的,这意味着什么?
Today multinational firms try to intergrade global production within their operations to gain competitive advantage and more profits. Global production networks theory is a relatively new theory that derived from earlier attempts, such as global value chains and global commodity chains, to explain how global production works and to consider all the possible actors that shape it. Corporations that want to follow the new trend in manufacturing and business conduct must take into consideration a welter of factors that shape and indicate the optimal process of global operations for maximizing profits. Global production strategies can offer multinational corporations many advantages if designed the right way as well as unavoidable disadvantages. Competitive dynamics and capitalist dynamics are the main forces for global production and the mobility of capital nowadays only adds to the ease that these networks are established and formed. Regional advantages and peculiarity must be taken into consideration before a firm decides the exact form of global production that wants to follow. Communication across the network and purchasing policies within the organization consist an important area for the smooth operation of the network, and corporations are aware of that, forming special divisions solely for those purposes. Ramifications of global production networks can be traced all around the globe, in developed or developing economies, and affect a bigger portion of everyday life and business conduct than what it is believed to be.
Yeung explains global production networks as “an organizational arrangement comprising interconnected economic and noneconomic actors coordinated by a global lead firm and producing goods or services across multiple geographic locations for worldwide markets. These actors include different types of firms as well as non-firm actors, such as the state, international organizations, labor groups, consumers, and civil society organizations, in diverse localities”.(Yeung.2015)Global production network analysis derived from the literature of global value chains and global commodity chains. Global value chains are defined as “the value added of all activities that are directly and indirectly needed to produce a product”. (Timmer, Los, et.al, 2014)Global commodity chains refer to “the full range of activities, including coordination, that are required to bring a specific product from its conception to its end use and beyond. This includes activities such as production, design, marketing, distribution, support to the final consumer, and governance of the entire process”. (Startosa,2010)Global production network analysis broadens beyond the interaction of suppliers and manufacturers and brings into the frame several actors that influence and shape global production, such as national governments, worker’s unions and non-governmental organizations. Also, global production network analysis accentuates the social and institutional embeddedness of production and examines power relations amongst actors, which differ as production is spread in multiple global sites. (Gereffi et.al ,2011)
Yeung将全球生产网络解释为“一种由相互关联的经济和非经济参与者组成的组织安排,由一家全球领先的公司协调,在多个地理位置为全球市场生产商品或服务。这些参与者包括不同类型的公司以及非公司参与者,如国家、国际组织、劳工团体、消费者和民间社会组织不同的地方”。全球生产网络分析源自全球价值链和全球商品链的文献。全球价值链被定义为“生产产品直接和间接需要的所有活动的附加值”。全球商品链是指“将特定产品从概念到最终用途及以后所需的全方位活动,包括协调。这包括生产